Duluth’s Hawk Ridge: Migration Headquarters!


I’ve never lived very far from a great body of water (the Great Salt Lake, Lake Champlain, and the Great Lakes, including a short stint near the Pacific Ocean. The Caribbean Sea too, while I was a cruise ship entertainer some decades ago).  But magnificent Lake Superior, which contains 10% of the world’s fresh surface water, remains a favorite. I’ve camped on its shores and kayaked past its sea caves, marveled at its Apostle Islands, and toured its lighthouses and waterfalls along the North Shore.wirock2 One summer night while walking on a beach in Grand Marais, I chanced to find this stone (right)–which bears a striking resemblance to Wisconsin’s shape.

So a few weeks ago in late September, I drove 6 hours from home, straight north through the middle of Wisconsin–for a brand new Lake Superior experience. This time, I’d be there during the fabled raptor migration.

As a birder, you can’t do much better on a fall weekend in the Midwest than to stand overlooking the largest and most pristine of the Great Lakes while migrating raptors stream overhead. If you have been to Hawk Ridge Bird Observatory in Duluth, Minnesota, you know exactly what I mean. From where you stand, the grandeur of Lake Superior is laid out far below in all its radiant blue glory. In between, lie the hilly neighborhoods of Duluth: land which radiates the sun’s mid-day heat to create thermals: columns of warmed air that lift and carry the raptors in slow, effortlessly rising spirals. It is mesmerizing.

One of the first things Susan, Ed and I check out when arriving at Hawk Ridge is the score board, which is constantly updated throughout the day, every day–as monitoring takes place from early August to mid-November.


The expert birders up on the Count Platform were fascinating to watch: eyes on the sky, each facing their appointed direction, and at a constant state of focused attention. I wondered how they could keep such an accurate account of what was flying by, especially at times when kettles of 300 of more mixed species made their way through.



Moving closer, I noticed the click-counters attached to the platform railing. No doubt each counter had its designation for Sharp-shinned Hawk, Broad-winged Hawk, Bald Eagle, and so on. Brilliant!


We sat in on a Raptor ID class held in an open-air classroom to sharpen our knowledge of wing and tail shapes, flight characteristics, and learn other clues to recognize the variety of birds sailing by. It felt like being at camp! Wooden benches accommodated individuals, couples, and eager families, and loaner binoculars were handed out to anyone who needed them.



The Hawk Ridge staff member Gail Johnejack did an excellent job with a quick Binocular 101 for the multi-age group, and the flyover raptors themselves provided the opportunity to test our new skills. At one point during the class, a guy on the Count Platform shouted, “Golden Eagle!”, and we all followed its majestic form overhead with hearts racing. What a thrill!


A popular part of this day (besides the delicious food procured from vendors’ trailers parked along the road) was the bird banding demonstration. Here, holding a Cedar Waxwing, certified bander Margie Menzies explains the importance of capturing and banding migrating birds, and what information is gathered and recorded in the short time the bird is in hand.


When the bird was ready to be released, a lucky volunteer from the audience was chosen to do the honors.


And the chosen volunteer wasn’t always a child. Even a passing motorist pauses to take in the magic.


Below, if you look closely, you’ll see a released young Sharp-shinned Hawk, which flew over the crowd and toward my camera before veering off to continue its journey south.


This young man (below, center), Count Interpreter Cliff Nienhaus, had the crowd’s collective ear as he adeptly alerted us of approaching birds, pointed out species by their identifying traits, and spotted kettles starting to form.


There was something for everyone: if there wasn’t a kettle of raptors floating over, there might be a freighter moving silently along through sparkling water far below.



Before leaving, I posed with staff members Gail Johnajeck (left) and Katie Swanson (right), thanked them for their good work, and vowed to return to Hawk Ridge. It rates as one of my favorite Lake Superior experiences. If you have a chance to visit during spring or fall migrations, do! You can also donate to keep Hawk Ridge, its research, and its education programs going strong.



Nina Cheney
Eagle Optics Staff
Binoculars: Bring them. See what they bring you.

The ABA’s Birders’ Exchange: Optics for a Cause


As our migrating birds make their journey to their wintering grounds to the south, I wonder: how many of us know where they go, and who will appreciate them when they get there? A large percentage of the songbirds we love are heading for Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. And while most of us can’t accompany our feathered friends on their journey south or meet them at their destination, we can be assured people at those locations, right this very minute, are eagerly anticipating their return.


Birders Exchange binoculars in use at the summer camp in the Botanical garden in Santo Domingo, 2012

So, who can claim these birds as family? Who keeps track of them? Who studies, monitors, and helps protect them? People on both ends of the itinerary: you and I, of course, but also conservationists, researchers, and educators. In many Latin American countries, these groups lack the resources for the most basic equipment, optics and otherwise, with which to do their good work. That’s where Birders’ Exchange comes in!

Birders’ Exchange supplies optics, books, digital cameras and sound recording equipment, laptops, and other new and used donated tools to researchers, educators, university students, and children‘s programs throughout the Neotropics.

Recipients are people who are conserving both migratory and resident birds, protecting some of the most ecologically important habitats, discovering new species to science, and teaching children about the value of birds, one of the earth’s most precious resources. Recipients have immense pride in their environment and understand its importance and value.


What began as a small, optics “recycling” program at the Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences in 1990, Birders’ Exchange has become the major conservation initiative of the American Birding Association. Eagle Optics is one of the many proud supporters of this project, and you can be, too.

You may send in donations of aforementioned items, or act as a courier to deliver equipment if your travel plans include destinations where recipients are waiting.

If you are part of a birding club, consider organizing an equipment drive! The Birders’ Exchange page on the ABA

Collared Aracari photo by Ben Lizdas

Collared Aracari photo by Ben Lizdas

website tells you how.  There is a 7-minute video, an excellent overview of the Birders’ Exchange program, which is available to you to show to your bird club, or to any other appropriate gathering. Contact Birders’ Exchange for information, questions, and comments.

It benefits us all when we strengthen the connection with our birding partners in the Neotropics.  In the coming weeks, they will be welcoming the birds that we’ve been enjoying here since spring. By supporting Birders’ Exchange, together we can empower grassroots research, conservation, and environmental education in Latin America and the Caribbean. Please consider a donation of money or equipment to this worthy endeavor.

Nina Cheney
Eagle Optics Staff
Binoculars: Bring them. See what they bring you.

Space Coast : The Place to Be Jan. 21-26, 2015


What began as a friendly birding competition in 1997, Space Coast Birding and Wildlife Festival has evolved into one of the best-known birding festivals in the U.S. Combining an ideal location with excellent facilities, world-class educators, and an impressive array of opportunities for birders and photographers, this festival needs to be on your calendar, tout de suite!


Photo by Roy Halpin

For many of us, late January is a perfect time to be in a place other than our own wintery environs. And yes, that includes our feathered friends. You just get yourselves down to Florida–the birds will be waiting for you! Space Coast has field trips, boat tours, classroom presentations, and speakers aplenty to help you immerse yourself in all this unique area has to offer. You’ll be walking alongside, listening to, and learning from some of the most knowledgeable people in the birding industry. Sounds like a once in a lifetime experience, doesn’t it? Yet once you go, you’ll want to return year after year. This festival is habit forming!


USFWS photo

There are diverse habitats in the Titusville/Merritt Island area: estuaries, islands, creeks, mangrove canals, and rivers are legendary for birds (Space Coast boasted 200 species spotted in 2011), but also wildlife study and observation. Therefore, you could well be treated to viewings of Bottle-Nosed Dolphin, manatees, alligators, and other mammals and reptiles. The nearby Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge is not to be missed; it’s an important sanctuary, and home to the threatened Florida Scrub-Jay, a species found only in this region. Bring your binocular, spotting scope, and camera and prepare to take your birding to the next level. Meet new friends from far and wide who have come for the same reasons. That’s what Space Coast is all about!

According to the festival website, “The featured bird of the 2015 festival is the Red-cockcaded Woodpecker – an endangered species that makes its home in mature pine forests. The Red-cockcaded Woodpecker is best seen in Brevard County at the St. Sebastian River Preserve State Park and nearby Orange County at Hal Scott Regional Preserve & Park. Classroom presentations and field trips will introduce you to these interesting birds that have an ecological niche in the life of our pine forests.”

A proud, long time sponsor of the festival, Eagle Optics will be there again this year, ready to show you optics from almost every major manufacturer. Stop by our booth in the vendor area, try out a spotting scope, and treat yourself to the astonishing details scopes can provide. Need a binocular upgrade? We have what you need, along with the expert advice and friendly service you deserve.

You know, the Space Coast Birding and Wildlife Festival might just be the highlight of your winter. Check out the festival website and make plans to attend this January. We’d love to see you in Florida!

Nina Cheney
Eagle Optics Staff
Binoculars: Bring them. See what they bring you.

Wisconsin Reader Rendezvous Success!


Earlier this year I told you about a series of small-group birding adventures dreamed up by our friends at Bird Watcher’s Digest (BWD). In its inaugural year, these Reader Rendezvous events have been enormously popular–starting in February in Minnesota with Owls With Al, then August in West Virginia: Birding Valhalla with Julie Zickefoose, and last weekend’s Optics Opstravaganza, right here at Eagle Optics!  It was a thrill for us to host the participants, talking optics and showing them some of the natural treasures in our neck of the woods–beautiful south central Wisconsin–during fall’s peak color.

Beginning with a Wisconsin cookout at our shop on Friday evening, the Rendezvouzers mingled and shopped, sampled some of our state’s best beer and bratwurst, and had their optics cleaned and checked by the experts in anticipation of the full weekend of activity. BWD Editor Bill Thompson III adeptly serenaded us, and BWD’s talented sales director, Wendy Clark, jumped in for a duet, to everyone’s delight.


Saturday morning, the first stop was the International Crane Foundation in nearby Baraboo, where all 15 of the world’s crane species can be observed. What a great resource, and so close to home.


Blue Crane photo by Diane Porter

(Blue Crane photo by Diane Porter)


Whooping Crane pair (photo Ben Lizdas)

Then it was off to lunch at the Leopold Center and a tour of the fabled Leopold Shack, where father of conservation Aldo Leopold penned much of his book, A Sand County Almanac. Hallowed ground, to be sure–which was not lost on anyone as they strolled around the grounds under a canopy of brilliantly colored leaves.


And as if Saturday couldn’t get any better, it did–with a hike up Ferry Bluff to a spectacular overlook of the Wisconsin River, replete with Bald Eagle and Ospey sightings, cruising by pretty much at eye level.



That evening, back at the hotel, special guests Diane and Michael Porter gave a fascinating presentation about the ways in which they test and evaluate sport optics for Birdwatching.com.


The adventure continued on Sunday with a Sparrow ID field trip led by our own Mike McDowell, at the gorgeous Pheasant Branch Conservancy. Participant Sheila Barr wrote, “Your assistance on the field trips was especially appreciated (I will never look at sparrows quite the same way now-can’t wait to try out the tips when bad weather brings many species to our feeders.)”




Sandhill Crane flyover from the Drumlin overlook

After lunch and checkout time, the Rendezvousers were treated to one last excursion on the shore of Lake Mendota. Here, they enjoyed views of waterfowl through a variety of scopes, and Mike’s digiscoping demonstration.



Then, tired and happy, the Reader Rendezvous participants headed off their separate ways (they had convened from North Carolina, New Mexico, Missouri, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin and Minnesota). BWD’s Wendy Clark summarized:

Our Reader Rendezvous weekend in Wisconsin was full of great birds, wonderful people, and unforgettable experiences. Our friends at Eagle Optics, The International Crane Foundation, The Aldo Leopold Foundation, our wonderful team of sponsors, and our enthusiastic attendees made the event an overwhelming success. I wish everyone could experience a Reader Rendezvous!”

See more photos from the Optics Opstravaganza here.

Perhaps you, dear reader, would like to experience a Reader Rendezvous? There are more being planned! The next one, in Florida in February, is entitled Birding Basics and Beyond. Small group birding in and around one of the most bird-rich areas of Florida: Titusville.  Register early!  Before you know it, you’ll be in Florida, learning alongside new friends, and you’ll understand the magic each of this year’s participants have discovered. Reader Rendezvous events are not just birding. They offer an intimate birding experience that will stay in your heart for a long, long time.

For the best beer and bratwurst though, well, you’ll need to come to Wisconsin!

Nina Cheney
Eagle Optics Staff
Binoculars: Bring them. See what they bring you.

One Weekend, Two Bird Fests, and a Great Lake


In mid-September, I cleared my calendar and made preparations to fulfill a wish: to see thousands of raptors migrating along Lake Superior’s western shore. At last, this would be my year to go to Hawk Fest, at Hawk Ridge in Duluth, Minnesota. I made plans to travel alone–a 6 1/2 hour drive–and meet my birding friend, Susan, once I got there. Susan told me we could also check out Jaegerfest at Wisconsin Point in Superior, happening the same weekend. Really? I’d heard of jaegers but had never seen one. Wow–this would be an excellent adventure with major migration satisfaction.

Duluth and Superior are cities connected by two giant bridges and share one of the country’s busiest ports. Located on the westernmost tip of Lake Superior, the area is bird-rich, especially during migration. Then, raptors pass over the shoreline between the lake and Duluth’s towering hills, riding thermals–columns of warm air produced when the sun hits the earth. Jaegers, on the other hand, may be seen (if you’re lucky, basically) during fall migration on the Great Lakes, as the birds head south to their winter habitats.


Testing that luck, my first stop on Friday morning was Wisconsin Point: part of the world’s longest freshwater sandbar, and the site of Jaegerfest. My spirits were buoyed, knowing there had been sightings of 3 species of jaegers (Pomerine, Parasitic, and Long-tailed) here on Wednesday. I strode up the sandy path and through the opening of trees to the sight of literally dozens of scopes, tripods, and intrepid birders along the shoreline of the biggest and most pristine of the Great Lakes.



I found Susan, set up my scope alongside the others, and settled in with our comrades. Word was, no jaegers had been seen in a couple days–but there were many sharp eyes present, and walkie-talkies on both ends of the crowd, insuring we wouldn’t miss anything. Though it was easy to discern: this would be a festival of patience. Looking to our left, we could see the ridge above the city of Duluth in the distance. If things got slow here, we agreed, we could always make a getaway to Hawk Ridge, just a few miles west. Thus began our festival-hopping that continued throughout the weekend.



Weather deteriorated on Friday afternoon into a cold mist, so we started anew on Saturday morning and a Parasitic Jaeger (and possibly a second) was spotted shortly after we arrived. Thank goodness there was an enormous freighter “parked” straight out from us in the distance (photo above), giving onlookers a point of reference. “It’s left of the ship! Approaching the ship–now in front of the ship! It’s chasing a gull!” It was an exhilarating but brief experience–no more than a minute or two, and then it was over. Everyone who saw it was elated, and I took a sip from a flask and handed it to a friend to celebrate. He sipped too, smiled, and added, “Next time around, do I have to actually SEE the jaeger?”

Susan and I took a little time to explore Wisconsin Point, then headed to the hills above Duluth, and Hawk Ridge.




Check back for Part 2: Hawk Ridge!

Nina Cheney
Eagle Optics Staff
Binoculars: Bring them. See what they bring you.

Don’t Baby Your High-End Binocular!


The author with her Zeiss Victory FL in Tanzania

I chuckle at how often we hear of customers babying their beloved high-end binoculars–by either saving them for special occasions, or leaving them safe at home while they go off on a trip to Alaska, the Galapagos Islands, or the Serengeti. Does this sound familiar? If it does, we need to talk. Whether that binocular purchase took months (even years) to save for, or was an impulse purchase that barely made a ripple in the bank account, your expensive, sturdy, well-made binocular is made to be used, and used well.


Swarovski gear thrives during a wet pelagic on the Atlantic

Recently a customer called to order a lower quality binocular to take on a trip to Central America. He was afraid to take his Leica Ultravid (left), and he couldn’t be convinced otherwise. Thing is, the lesser quality binocular he purchased for his trip wasn’t nearly as well-suited to stand up to the prolonged humidity and moisture in Costa Rica, nor would it provide the bright, sharp, pristine views in the rainforest that the Ultravid would have.

The superior build quality of your high-end binocular is meant to withstand the rigors of everyday use, and hold up better against more serious bumps, drops, and weather conditions. But the biggest fear people have, they tell us, is damaging, or worse–losing their binocular. So they buy a cheaper one for their trip: often a once-in-a-lifetime trip. Does it make sense to leave your great binocular at home? No. So here are some examples of good binocular care on the road:

~Before your flight to Ireland for your hiking tour, pack your binocular in your carry-on luggage and keep it with you.
~After sitting on a bench in Cairo to record 5 birds to your Life List, don’t leave your binocular on the bench.
~When kayaking the Apostle Islands, tether your binocular to the boat so if it goes in the water, you can easily fish it out.
~Upon exiting the safari vehicle in Tanzania, be sure to grab your binocular.

Get the idea? Now remember: your top-tier binocular has an excellent warranty. If it should incur damage, it can be repaired according to the conditions of the warranty. Though even the best warranty can’t cover the loss or theft of your binocular, you’ll lessen the chance of that happening by adopting a heightened awareness. That’s what an expensive binocular will do–teach you to look after it as you would a family member. You wouldn’t leave your baby on the bus, would you?blogwbliz12ba

You bought your outstanding binocular or scope to give you the advantage of seeing life in all its glorious detail. Its performance, quality and durability will serve you well for many, many years. So, take it along. Don’t leave it behind at the restaurant, on the park bench, or in the taxi. But most definitely, don’t leave it at home!

Nina Cheney
Eagle Optics Staff
Binoculars: Bring them. See what they bring you.

The ABA Now Sells Federal Duck Stamps!


Artist Adam Grimm's Canvasbacks graced the 2014 Duck Stamp.

Our friends at the American Birding Association have a great plan to make sure birders count in U.S. national conservation efforts by selling the 2014 Duck Stamp through the ABA website.

The ABA does not make any money from the stamp, and 98¢ out of every dollar raised from the Duck Stamp sale supports the endeavors of the National Wildlife Refuge System to lease, purchase, and protect wetlands.

Purchasing Duck Stamps through the ABA offers a better picture of the birding community’s impact on conservation initiatives–and Eagle Optics hopes you will get on board with the ABA’s initiative to make the stamps more easily accessible to birders.

Nate Swick, editor of the American Birding Association Blog, suggests birders not only buy a Duck Stamp for ourselves, but additional stamps for others as gifts, awards, and to sell at birding events, meetings, and outings.

Once known as a license required for duck hunters, the Federal Duck Stamp, also known as the Migratory Bird Stamp, is much more than that today. Birders, wildlife biologists, conservationists, and nature lovers buy Duck Stamps each year. Why, you might ask?

1. Funds raised from Duck Stamp sales enable the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service to lease and purchase wetlands for protection in the National Wildlife Refuge System.

2. A current Duck Stamp serves as an admission pass to any national wildlife refuge which charges an admission fee.

3. A Duck Stamp purchase, is, dollar for dollar, one of the best investments one can make in the future of America’s wetlands.

4. The Duck Stamp is beautiful, collectable art!

Purchasing a Federal Duck Stamp–now available through the American Birding Association–is a wonderful way to support wetland conservation and migratory bird habitat for years to come.

Nina Cheney
Eagle Optics Staff
Binoculars: Bring them. See what they bring you.

Birding the Sandias in Albuquerque


Just east of Albuquerque lie the beautiful Sandia Mountains. On a recent visit, my daughter Callie and I were treated to a day of birding with our friends Ashli and Larry Gorbet. As newbies to the area, we were lucky to have such expert guides. We didn’t know what to expect–and the day was full of surprises, new birds, and varied landscapes to savor.

We started the morning by driving up into the foothills to Embudito (Little Funnel) Canyon. Following a recreational trail, we could see that it had been a good year for the surrounding vegetation–the cacti, shrubs, grasses and wildflowers were healthy and abundant, and provided excellent habitat for the many species of birds we saw and heard. Craggy rock outcrops and giant boulders dotted the landscape–and Albuquerque laid out below, in the distant flatland.




With virtually no shade to protect us from the hot July sun, we were grateful for a breeze and scattered clouds that morning. Taking in the rugged and picturesque surroundings, we stopped frequently to listen to bird songs and to train our binoculars on any movement. Larry and Ashli know this area well. Nothing is missed.l10801631


As the trail reached the narrow of the canyon, we turned and headed back to the car. Our next stop would be the Sandia Ranger District in the Cibola National Forest, on the opposite side of the mountain, so we had some driving to do. Ashli and Larry told us to take note of the landscape here–because over there, it would be completely and totally different. Callie and I were curious. How could it be that different? This is how:


What a stunning transformation! And our friends timed the day perfectly–now the sun was high, and we had access to the welcome shade of deciduous and evergreen trees. We stopped to do some birding at this picnic area, where Ashli pointed out the fascinating Alligator Juniper:


Continuing up the steep road, our next stop–a few thousand feet higher up the mountain–was The Log at Capulin Spring. What makes this log so special, and such a destination for wildlife observers? It’s the only source of water for miles around. A spigot drips water in to one end, and the water puddles all along the log’s length and collects, birdbath style, at the other end. All you have to do is watch, and wait. The birds come.

We were told the story of seeing a young bear there once–which ambled up to the log, climbed in, and laid down in the water–while Ashli and Larry slowly, and as silently as possible, backed away and high-tailed it back to the car.

Our final stop, at an elevation of over 10,000 feet, was Sandia Crest. Cool mountain air and spectacular bird’s-eye views of the rocky cliffs and ridges. Ashli could actually point out their house way down below, in the middle of the city of Albuquerque.


It was the topping-off of a marvelous day of birding (44 species seen), camaraderie, and precious time together for a mom and daughter whose homes are now separated by too many miles.


Nina Cheney
Eagle Optics Staff
Binoculars: Bring them. See what they bring you.

An Island, a Bog, and a Mystery Bird

Up in north central Wisconsin, my cousins Willi and Betsy have a place on an island on Long Lake. One weekend each summer, Dale and I get to go there. It’s a 4-hour drive; then the fun starts. We park, walk to the shore, and ring the bell to announce our arrival. There are no phones, electricity, or running water on the island.159

Before long, we hear a motor, and cousin Willi’s boat appears around the side of the island and speeds toward us. We wait on the neighbor’s dock with our gear. This is part of the magic of an island visit.

This time, we are told, Willi and Betsy have a mystery for us to solve. There is an unseen bird that incessantly scolds anyone who walks out to the deluxe, 3-seater outhouse. Could we tell what species of bird it is?  Dale and I looked at each other and smiled. Oh, yes, this would be extra fun.

Arriving at the island, armed with binoculars and scope, we could hardly wait to put our detective skills to work. It would have to wait until morning, though. Twilight had arrived, and we needed to change our gears to island time.

I was awakened to the warning call of the mystery bird. Dale had beat me to it, and gone out at dawn’s first light to find and ID it. It didn’t take long. Over coffee, we learned that the island was host to a nesting pair of Merlins. Dale digiscoped the photo below with a Swarovski ATX scope, and his Panosonic camera.  So exciting!

The Merlin’s nest was well-hidden in a white pine just beyond the outhouse, toward the tip of the island. We were able to observe the pair as they crossed from the nest tree to a high snag across the channel on the mainland. Having accomplished the mystery bird’s identity, we headed over to Dark Lake and my favorite wetland habitat: the bog.

Bare feet sink down in delicious, clear, soft coolness.


Squishy sphagnum moss, pitcher plants, sedges, and wispy grasses kept us enraptured for a good while.


As we motored out of Dark Lake, we hoped the smells, the sights and the feel of the bog, the call of the Merlin, and the memories of our island retreat would hold us over until our visit next summer.075


Nina Cheney
Eagle Optics Staff
Binoculars: Bring them. See what they bring you.

Creating a Yard to Attract Birds


Wilson's Warbler photo by Dale Bonk

When it comes to bird watching, some of us need look no further than our own back yard. Sure, it’s great to attend birding festivals, travel to exotic birding destinations, and head to the nearest marsh or conservancy to observe our feathered friends. But with a little thought and planning, you can make your own yard an inviting destination for birds. Adding even one of the following elements can significantly increase your property’s desirability for birds.

Native plantings
Birds require cover, nesting sites and sources of food. Planting trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants can provide insects, seeds, nuts, ample cover, and sites for nests. Why choose native plantings?
Native plants, which have co-evolved with native wild birds, are more likely to provide a mix of foods - just the right size, and with just the right kind of nutrition - and just when the birds need them.” ~Stephen Kress, National Audubon Society
Trees and shrubs also afford protection from predators all year ‘round. These websites will give you ideas:

National Wildlife Foundation - Backyard Habitats

Audubon at Home

Water for birds
A source of water is important to birds, and can be offered in a variety of ways: from a simple birdbath (heated during winter in cold climates) to a pond with waterfall and stream for birds to linger in, drink, and bathe. The sight and sound of moving water attracts birds from the air, and also adds to the charm of your garden. I have a simple two-container pond with a small pump that keeps the water circulating. The birds (and visiting frogs) love it! A mister is an easy and inexpensive way to add movement to the water in your birdbath. A mister can also be positioned separately with a hose near perching branches; hummingbirds have been observed hovering in a mister on hot days. Replenish standing water often, especially in hot weather.003

Food for birds
Bird feeding has become so popular that these days, bird feeders come in every size, shape, and design imaginable for seed, suet, and nectar feeding. If possible, position feeders near some type of cover (brush pile or shrub) so birds can escape predators, and buy seed from a reliable source: birds don’t like stale or old seeds. Observe which birds visit your feeders, and choose the type of seeds accordingly.  If you notice seeds left on the ground under your feeder, switch to a blend your visitors like, or feed the best overall attractant: black oil sunflower seeds.

Suet (beef kidney fat) is a great choice for birds in cold temperatures. Suppliers sell specially processed cakes often supplemented with seeds, nuts, and berries. I leave suet out in the summer; as long as it doesn’t turn rancid, it gives me a chance to see Downy Woodpecker adults bringing their fledglings in for a first taste.

Other foods: I put out orange halves for Baltimore Orioles and Red-bellied Woodpeckers, nectar for my hungry, feisty hummingbirds, peanuts for White-breasted Nuthatches and mealworms for my Eastern Bluebirds.  blogbbird112a

Bird Housing
Many bird species will utilize bird houses: wrens, swallows, bluebirds, martins, and chickadees to name a few. Find out what birds nest in your region and buy a bird house with one of those in mind. It’s easy to find plans online for building your own, and can be a fun family project!  You can assist birds during nesting season by putting out nesting materials for them to use: lint from the dryer (untreated with dryer sheets or fabric softeners), hair from your hairbrush (or your cat or dog brush), or bits of yarn, string or twine no longer than 2″ in length.

No matter what size your yard (or balcony), you can transform it into a place that birds can’t resist. There are plenty of books and websites to refer to for inspiration. The sooner you begin, the sooner you can sit back, relax, and enjoy birds up close, right at home!

Nina Cheney
Eagle Optics Staff
Binoculars: Bring them. See what they bring you.